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AMS-Arbeitsmarktstrukturbericht
AutorIn 1:
Bristol-Faulhammer, Michaela
Titel:
How Does Start-up Assistance Capture the Challenges, Barriers, and Successes for Refugee Entrepreneurs in Austria
Ort:
Oakland, CA
Jahr:
2017
Anmerkung:
A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Organizational Systems. Diese Dissertation entstand mit informeller und inhaltlicher Unterstützung durch das AMS Wien
Abstract:
"(...) In countries around the world, refugees have started to create economic identity through entrepreneurial activities. In doing so, they boost new business formation, innovation, and Job creation. Acknowledging this potential, the Austrian Federal Government passed a comprehensive program in 2015 to support start-up businesses. This program targets Austrian and foreign-born entrepreneurs alike. Recent estimates are that between 3,000 and 14,700 refugees could begin businesses in Austria. Beyond the examination of the success factors and barriers of refugee entrepreneurs, this case study sought to explore how the start-up programs capture the needs of refugee entrepreneurs. The target population consisted of 12 recognized refugees who were about to start, or have started, a business within the past 5 years in Austria. Using online surveys and narrative interviews, the aim of this study was to yield insight into the successes and barriers refugee entrepreneurs encountered in becoming business owners in Austria. Further, a survey with five service providers of start-up programs aimed to support documentation of the offered Services and how their activities mitigate the barriers to meet entrepreneur’s needs to become successful Findings show that the biggest barriers for refugee entrepreneurs lie within the institutional environment (e.g., tax and social security regulations), lack of human capital (e.g., lack of German language skills), and access to resources. (...)"
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