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English
AutorIn 1:
Constant, Amelie
AutorIn 2:
Massey, Douglas S.
HerausgeberIn 1:
Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute for the Study of Labor
Titel:
Labor Market Segmentation and the Earnings of German Guestworkers
Ort:
Bonn
Verlag:
Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute for the Study of Labor
Jahr:
2003
Reihe:
Discussion Paper No. 774, May 2003
Abstract:
"(...) In this paper we study the occupational progress and earnings attainment of immigrants in Germany over time and compare them to native Germans. Our analysis is guided by the human capital and segmented labor market theories. To assess the separate effects of occupational segmentation and discrimination in the allocation of occupations and wages we conceptualize the process of earnings attainment as occurring in three stages: initial occupational achievement, final occupational achievement after the accumulation of experience, and contingent on the former, final earnings attainment. Using data from the German Socioeconomic Panel, our results indicate a high degree of initial occupational segmentation, with immigrants being less able to translate their human capital into a good first job and being channeled into first occupations of significantly lower status than natives. We also developed evidence to suggest that immigrants experienced significant discrimination in the process of occupational attainment, yielding little job mobility over time, and widening the status gap between Germans and guestworkers. Holding occupational status constant, however, we found less evidence of direct discrimination in the process of earnings attainment. (...)"
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URL:
 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute for the Study of Labor