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Forschungsnetzwerk

 
AutorIn 1:
Feigenbaum, James
AutorIn 2:
Gross, Daniel P.
Titel:
Answering the Call of Automation: How the Labor Market Adjusted to the Mechanization of Telephone Operation
Ort:
Cambridge, MA
Verlag:
National Bureau of Economic Research
Jahr:
2020
Reihe:
NBER Working Paper 28061
Abstract:
"(... )Telephone operation was among the most common jobs for young American women in the early 1900s. Between 1920 and 1940, AT&T adopted mechanical switching technology in over half of the U.S. telephone network, replacing manual operation. Although automation eliminated most of these jobs, it did not affect future cohortsí overall employment: the decline in operators was counteracted by reinstating demand in middle-skill clerical jobs and lower- skill service jobs. Using a new genealogy-based census-linking method, we show that incumbent telephone operators were most impacted, and a decade later more likely to be in lower-paying occupations or have left the labor force. (...)"
[Automatisierung, Digitalisierung, Technologisierung, Arbeitsforschung, Arbeitssoziologie, Arbeitswelt, IKT, Analoge Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien, Berufsbildungsforschung, Qualifikationen, Qualifikationsbedarfe, Berufssoziologie, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Mediengeschichte]
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